red brand canners hbr case solution Secrets



These groove ring wax seal finishes, whatever the certain manufacturing technique used (discussed afterwards), show up when searching down in the rim on the finish to become two round and parallel ridges with an indented groove separating them.  This groove was named an "annular groove" by early glassmakers.

Courting summary/notes:  Gothic fashion sauce bottles are most commonly associated with historic web-sites that day in the time period spanning the late 1840s to early 1850s throughout the 1880s; the gothic sauce bottles pictured Here i will discuss regular of that period (Deiss 1981).  Glass coloration is nearly always aqua though every now and then other colors could possibly be encountered from colorless or light amethyst (manganese dioxide de-colorized glass) to deep greens or blues (Switzer 1974; McKearin & Wilson 1978; Hawley 1998; Gerth 2006).

  Earlier examples (ca. 1890 and prior to), like most other variety bottles, had cork accepting finishes of one type or One more.  Having said that, in the 1890s and afterwards, externally threaded finishes with metal screw caps became escalating the most typical closure/end mixture for ketchup.  Most styles also had some kind of molded overall body and/or shoulder capabilities like vertical human body ribs (impression on the left; popular on 1890s to 1920s bottles) or vertical entire body side panels (commonly 8 sides or even more) as revealed from the bottles pictured right here.  Flat panels on the body are certainly usual of bottles from about 1910 to not less than the mid-twentieth century (and in some cases right now on glass ketchup bottles still getting used; most ketchup now is available in plastic).

The quart, used groove ring wax seal canning jar pictured to the correct (finish close-up underneath still left) is embossed with SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Will work.  This jar was also blown inside of a write-up-bottom mold, is reasonably crude ("whittled" uneven bubbly glass), and lacks any evidence of mildew air venting.  This glass firm operated less than this name from 1869 to 1876, Even though the jars from this mildew ended up also likely developed as late given that the early 1880s from the successor to that organization - the San Francisco & Pacific Glass Performs (Toulouse 1971; Creswick 1987; Hinson 1995).  One intriguing part about this unique quart jar would be that the mould made use of to make it was also employed for an earlier plus a later on jar - both of those with different embossing, although this mold wasn't created for an interchangeable embossing plate.  How did this transpire?  A close inspection from the pictured jar shows that there's the faint perception of a arched blank filler plate protected space just previously mentioned the SAN FRANCISCO embossing.  The 1st or unique jar built using this mold was embossed In this particular now coated arch with CUTTING.AND.CO for the Slicing Packing Firm (Zumwalt 1980).  This jar was definitely blown within the Pacific Glass Operates (San Francisco, CA.) who ended up in business from 1862 to 1876, rather than with the shorter lived Baker & Reducing bottle factory (also in San Francisco and the exact same Francis Chopping given that the mentioned packing worry and the first glass manufacturing unit inside the American West) in business 1858-1859 (Zumwalt 1980).

The Civil War (1860s) period mustard barrel on the still left is embossed with WESTERN / SPICE MILLS and is a really crudely created, early mustard bottle although it isn't pontil scarred.  (Picture from eBay®.)  It really is 4¾" tall, colorless (faintly grey), and Nearly certainly has no evidence of mould air venting.  Additionally, it has a very crudely cracked-off (or burst-off) end with just a bit of grinding finished towards the finish rim to help keep from remaining dangerously sharp.  Western Spice Mills was a St.

This part addresses the mostly encountered canning jar/closure varieties, Even though at the conclusion of this segment is usually a table with various dozen back links to photographs of various jars/closures made through the 2nd fifty percent of the nineteenth century to provide people a feel with the huge variants probable.  For example, the jar group graphic above exhibits a small assortment of abnormal mid to late 19th century closures.  (Image courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.)  Generally, all canning jars ordinarily share a few binding characteristics: an incredibly broad mouth/bore, a proportionally tall human body and brief neck, and some kind of (ideally) air limited sealing closure (Toulouse 1969a; McKearin & Wilson 1978).

Most mouth-blown versions of these bottles show up to date within the 1880s to a minimum of the mid-1910s era as the many bottles inspected with the creator had been blown in cup-bottom molds and also have tooled finishes.

jar pictured to the appropriate.  This particular jar was used by a San Francisco, CA. food packing organization for his or her "

In the course of the period protected by this Web-site, there have been almost certainly A large number of unique rectangular or square (some cylindrical) flavoring extract bottles made by glass makers in the U.

PEPPERSAUCE - This can be an early twentieth century, mouth-blown pepper sauce bottle that's embossed with 3 FLUID OZS / PEPPERSAUCE on just one semi-flattened side.  This can be a variation of the oval (in cross-portion), horizontally ringed peppersauce fashion that was highly regarded from the early 1900s to 1930s, nevertheless this example only has two rings in the shoulder and two previously mentioned the heel.  It has a tooled double ring end, was blown in a very cup-bottom mold, and it has multiple mold air venting marks such as on the base and that is a robust sign of generation immediately after 1900 into not less than the early 1920s.

The next are some further photographs/data of other models of fancier sauce & condiment bottles:

Pictured higher than is undoubtedly an illustration of a (and embossed with)  MILLVILLE / ATMOSPHERIC / FRUIT JAR which was produced by the Whitall, Tatum Company (Millville, NJ) (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1880).  It absolutely was certainly the preferred mouth-blown jar sporting a thumbscrew and stopper/lid type of closure offered the figures that still exist today.  The end on these jars (image beneath) are just about identical to the wax seal cap/finish mentioned before, but instead had a glass lid which in shape into or involving the circular but parallel ridges on the very best from the finish and was held down with a thumbscrew clamp as an alternative to a steel cap that was sealed with wax or equivalent substances.

  Early twentieth century illustrations aren't uncommon in colorless or light amethyst glass (Rinker 1968; empirical observations).  Early 20th century illustrations produced by the Illinois Glass Co. are often based mostly marked with I. G. Co. and were being nearly identical to the example in the illustration to the right (Obear-Nester Co. next page 1922; Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations).

Even though the illustrated bottle doesn't have an used color label (ACL), these style bottles really usually did have these indicating the dairy title as well as other slogans, motifs, trade marks, images, promoting, and the like.  Click amber quart sq. milk bottle to see a fifties period ACL case in point from Phoenix, AZ. which was manufactured from amber glass which was utilised from time to time, reportedly for made up of a Particular Vitamin D milk (Tutton 1989).

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